Pasar al contenido principal

The First People of Terrytory

The First  People of Terrytory
In the last 4,000 or 3,000 years in both groups of hunters (maritime and terrestrial), there are tangible assets that are also interpreted as a change from previous cultural traditions. Terrestrial hunters and their archaeological remains are scattered in abundance in all parts of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, suggesting population growth. The materials at those late terrestrial groups present new forms of projectile points, characterized by the presence of a wide and notched stem, leaf blade triangular fins. They are also typical of small scrapers called "nail" for its diminutive size and were used sleeving, and other instruments used in earlier times as balls, hammers, scrapers, etc., Like bone tools as retouchers and punches, among others.

Similar changes were observed between canoeists groups that increase in number and scattered in every corner, coming to Cape Horn. The archaeological remains of later times canoeists groups, also described a wide spatial distribution and an increase in the number of indigenous people. Recent archaeological sites include the characteristic shell deposits, which are sites of accumulation of shells’ waste and other debris from the consumption of marine fauna such as wolves, whales, fish and birds, among others.

The diagnostic instruments are bone harpoons, among them those of simple tenon and a beard, and those double chin double tenon.

It is from the sixteenth century to the twentieth century that is collected to identify ethnic groups: Yagan or Yamana (canoeists or sea hunters), Kawesqar or Alakalufes (canoeists or sea hunters), Tehuelches or Aonikenk (terrestrial hunters), Selk'nam or Onas (terrestrial hunters) and Haush (hunters of the pampas). However, these observations of the culture and way of life of early inhabitants of the region should be considered carefully, because these societies described in when they have already been negatively impacted by the new conquerors and settlers, European and Chileans. In this sense, the descriptions do not always reflect the cultural traditions and the correlation between old prehistoric groups with recent ethnic identities is not always tight

The cases depict scenes that features illustrations of nomadic terestrial hunters and canoeists groups, two species of different way of life in their culture, their dress and activities.