Similar changes were observed between canoeists groups that increase in number and scattered in every corner, coming to Cape Horn. The archaeological remains of later times canoeists groups, also described a wide spatial distribution and an increase in the number of indigenous people. Recent archaeological sites include the characteristic shell deposits, which are sites of accumulation of shells’ waste and other debris from the consumption of marine fauna such as wolves, whales, fish and birds, among others.
The diagnostic instruments are bone harpoons, among them those of simple tenon and a beard, and those double chin double tenon.
It is from the sixteenth century to the twentieth century that is collected to identify ethnic groups: Yagan or Yamana (canoeists or sea hunters), Kawesqar or Alakalufes (canoeists or sea hunters), Tehuelches or Aonikenk (terrestrial hunters), Selk'nam or Onas (terrestrial hunters) and Haush (hunters of the pampas). However, these observations of the culture and way of life of early inhabitants of the region should be considered carefully, because these societies described in when they have already been negatively impacted by the new conquerors and settlers, European and Chileans. In this sense, the descriptions do not always reflect the cultural traditions and the correlation between old prehistoric groups with recent ethnic identities is not always tight
The cases depict scenes that features illustrations of nomadic terestrial hunters and canoeists groups, two species of different way of life in their culture, their dress and activities.